Different Aspects of ENT Surgical Specialities

Many people have suffered from ear, nose and throat problems in their childhood. Some might have even carried these issues into their adulthood. If neglected, these medical problems can aggravate and can cause severe health problems. So before it gets worse, it is important to take action immediately like consulting an expert otorhinolaryngologists like Richard Isaacs MD.

What does ENT surgeons do?

ENT surgeons or otorhinolaryngologists are responsible for diagnosing, evaluating and managing diseases/ disorders associated with ear, nose, throat, head and neck. The ENT surgeons treat those patients who are suffering from diseases that impair the senses of balance and hearing. They will be also associated with the functional features of speech, breathing and eating. Additionally, they deal with cancers in the particular body areas they treat.

Nature of their work

The main role of Otorhinolaryngologists is to treat conditions that affect hearing, balancing, smelling and tasting problems. They also treat such patients having problems related to their swallowing, breathing, voice and neck and head cancers, such as an interface with the brain and skull base.

ENT surgeons or Otorhinolaryngologists can treat from newborn to elderly. The most common conditions they treat are-

  • Ear Conditions- otosclerosis, otitis media with effusion, age related hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), dizziness and eustachian tube dysfunction and vertigo, ear infections, perforated ear drum and cholesteatoma and protruding ears

  • Nose Conditions- sinus infection and rhino-sinusitis, nasal injuries, nasal polyps, tumors of the nose, nasal obstruction and disorders of the sense of smell.

  • Throat Conditions- adenoid problems, tonsillitis, sometimes requiring surgical removal of the tonsils, hoarseness and laryngitis, swallowing problems, upper airway breathing problems, snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea.

  • Head and neck Conditions- Tumors, cancer etc.

Principle sub-specialties of ENT surgery

There are 6 principles sub-specialties of ENT surgery, such as:

  1. Otology- This includes treatment of disease, infection and ear damage to improve ear balance and hearing.

  1. Rhinology- This includes treatment of nasal disorders and sinus, including ease breathing, pain relieving, allergy and improving nasal functions.

  1. Laryngology- This includes treatment of the larynx and throat in order to ease swallowing and speech.

  1. Neck and Head surgery- Including surgery on glands and cysts, such as thyroid, salivary, lymph, neck and head cancers.

  1. Facial Plastics- Including aesthetic procedures, such as face lifts, nose job, pinnaplasty, re-setting the jaw etc.

  1. Paediatrics- There are plenty of ENT congenital conditions that need immediate treatment at a very young age. This includes, adenoid infections, tonsils, airway problems etc.

With the advancement in modern ENT surgery, surgeons need technical skills and knowledge in specific areas to treat their patients. ENT or Ear, Nose and Throat are the major parts of our body, which plays an important role in our lives. So whether you are having a minor problem with these senses or major, get in touch with professional ENT surgeon Richard Isaacs MD. He is proficient in treating ENT, head and neck surgical oncology and neurological skull base surgery.

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